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On June 20, they took the Tennis Court Oath, where they promised to work until they had created a new constitution for France.
The feudal regime had been weakened step-by-step and had already disappeared in parts of Europe.The French Revolution was a revolution in France from 1789 to 1799.The result of the French Revolution was the end of the monarchy. The revolution ended when Napoleon Bonaparte took power in November 1799. Before 1789, France was ruled by the nobles and the Catholic Church.Furthermore, from about 1730, higher standards of living had reduced the mortality rate among adults considerably.This, together with other factors, had led to an increase in the population of Europe unprecedented for several centuries: it doubled between 17.Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article.Join Britannica's Publishing Partner Program and our community of experts to gain a global audience for your work!The government before the revolution was called the "Ancient (old) Regime". The Second Estate was the Nobles, which also made up 1% of the population.Before the Revolution, France was divided into three Estates. The other nearly 98% of the population was in the Third Estate.It is uncertain, however, whether revolution would have come without the added presence of a political crisis.Faced with the heavy expenditure that the wars of the 18th century entailed, the rulers of Europe sought to raise money by taxing the nobles and clergy, who in most countries had hitherto been exempt, To justify this, the rulers likewise invoked the arguments of advanced thinkers by adopting the role of “enlightened despots.” This provoked reaction throughout Europe from the privileged bodies, diets. In North America this backlash caused the American Revolution, which began with the refusal to pay a tax imposed by the king of Great Britain.