Violations of that humanity offended his unshakable conviction that mankind is possessed of the divinity of God." It was Hughes’s belief in humanity and his hope for a world in which people could sanely and with understanding live together that led to his decline in popularity in the racially turbulent latter years of his life.
Unlike younger and more militant writers, Hughes never lost his conviction that “ Laurence Lieberman recognized that Hughes’s “sensibility [had] kept pace with the times,” but he criticized his lack of a personal political stance.
Hughes reached many people through his popular fictional character, Jesse B. Simple is a poor man who lives in Harlem, a kind of comic no-good, a stereotype Hughes turned to advantage.
He tells his stories to Boyd, the foil in the stories who is a writer much like Hughes, in return for a drink.
The elder Hughes came to feel a deep dislike and revulsion for other African-Americans.) Although Hughes had trouble with both black and white critics, he was the first black American to earn his living solely from his writing and public lectures.
Part of the reason he was able to do this was the phenomenal acceptance and love he received from average black people.
Langston Hughes was a central figure in the Harlem Renaissance, the flowering of black intellectual, literary, and artistic life that took place in the 1920s in a number of American cities, particularly Harlem.
A major poet, Hughes also wrote novels, short stories, essays, and plays. And ugly too.” This approach was not without its critics.
“Regrettably, in different poems, he is fatally prone to sympathize with starkly antithetical politics of race,” Lieberman commented. The age demands intellectual commitment from its spokesmen.
A poetry whose chief claim on our attention is moral, rather than aesthetic, must take sides politically.” Hughes’s position in the American literary scene seems to be secure.