Some recent studies indicate that facial resemblance between couples was a strong driving force among the mechanisms of assortative mating: human couples resemble each other significantly more than would be expected from random pair formation.
I think these are the folks most people are referring to when they toss around the term 'narcissism' today." What of critics who point to the "Age of the Selfie" as evidence of a shift toward narcissism?
One study suggests that narcissism in American college students is up 30 percent in the last 30 years.
It's normal for individuals to see themselves in a positive light and to seek out self-enhancement experiences such as successful achievements and competitive victories." It's also normal to want to show off your accomplishments, he says.
"Some people are focused on these things more than others, and some are self-centered to an annoying extent," but if they can generally manage these needs effectively and "seek out their gratification in culturally and socially acceptable ways, and regulate self-esteem and interpersonal behavior when disappointments are experienced, that's not pathological narcissism." For instance, there are those who "think highly of themselves and will let you know it," says Pincus, "but in many cases such individuals are also highly accomplished.
Or are we too lightly employing that word, which describes a mental illness diagnosis?
"I don't think people are usually referring to a person with Narcissistic Personality Disorder (NPD) when they toss around the term 'narcissism' today," says Aaron Pincus, Penn State professor of psychology.Evidence for assortative mating among humans is well established; humans mate assortatively regarding age, IQ, height, weight, nationality, educational and occupational level, physical and personality characters and family relatedness.In the “self seeking like” hypothesis, individuals unconsciously look for a mirror image of themselves in others, seeking criteria of beauty or reproductive fitness in the context of self-reference.As punishment, he was doomed to fall in love with his own reflection in a pool of water.Unable to consummate his love, Narcissus pined away and changed into the flower that bears his name, the narcissus.But are we, in fact, more narcissistic than we were a few decades ago?Are millennials more narcissistic than previous generations?"Research does show that narcissism is related to increased social media activity," Pincus says."Certainly the explosion of social media created a meteoric rise in options to show off and sources to turn to for instant recognition, measured by how many likes your picture gets or how many views your video has.Often, those suffering from pathological narcissism cannot effectively work, go to school, or even enjoy hobbies."One patient reported being fired over thirty times because he could not get along with employers whom he would inevitably find incompetent," says Pincus.