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It is assumed that by mentioning a previous work in the field of study, that the author has read, evaluated, and assimiliated that work into the work at hand.A literature review creates a "landscape" for the reader, giving her or him a full understanding of the developments in the field.
This landscape informs the reader that the author has indeed assimilated all (or the vast majority of) previous, significant works in the field into her or his research.
"In writing the literature review, the purpose is to convey to the reader what knowledge and ideas have been established on a topic, and what their strengths and weaknesses are.
In this context, the "literature" refers published scholarly work in a field.
Literature includes journal articles, conference proceedings, technical reports, and books.
How will your topic uniquely contribute to this body of knowledge? Which methodologies have researchers used and which appear to be the most productive? What sources of information or data were identified that might be useful to you? How does your particular topic fit into the larger context of what has already been done? How has the research that has already been done help frame your current investigation?
The list of references will include full citations for all of the items mentioned in the lit review.It should give a theoretical base for the research and help you (the author) determine the nature of your research.The literature review acknowledges the work of previous researchers, and in so doing, assures the reader that your work has been well conceived.Most researchers struggling to survive in the middle of a literature review tend to worry more about the currency of their data more than the quantity of it.They become paranoid at the prospect of missing the latest paper or opinion piece that an examiner will spring on them at their oral defenses and destroy their academic careers in one fell swoop.A literature review should try to answer questions such as 1. The conclusion will summarize the main findings, make clear how this review of the literature supports (or not) the research to follow, and may point the direction for further research. Have there been any controversies or debate about the research? It will include the author's perspective or point of view on the topic, how they have defined the scope of the topic (including what's not included), and how the review will be organized.Many of the variables are going to be topic specific, but it will fall to you, your supervisor, and the help of an academic librarian who, hopefully, has some knowledge of your field, to establish those limits.It helps to think in terms of the manageable library of data that you are carefully building, as opposed to the vast ocean of data in which it will probably feel like you’re drowning.There are some simple rules that can be applied: The quality of your review will sink or swim on the efficacy with which you select your search keywords.Too many and you’ll be buried under results for months.