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For information on how to reference this website not for academic purposes see the Skills You Need referencing guide.Citing and referencing information can be daunting for students who do not understand the principles. Different institutions, departments or lecturers may require different styles – check with your lecturer if you are unsure.
For webpages look for the when the page was last updated.
Include dates in brackets (2012) after author information. Title of Piece - Include the title of the piece; this could be the name of the book, the title of a journal article or webpage. For books you should also include the edition (if not the first) to make finding information easier.
This resource, revised according to the 5th edition of the APA manual, offers examples for the general format of APA research papers, in-text citations, endnotes/footnotes, and the reference page. NOTE: When you list the pages of the chapter or essay in parentheses after the book title, use "pp." before the numbers: (pp. This abbreviation, however, does not appear before the page numbers in periodical references, except for newspapers. However, it is a common misconception that foregrounding the research requires using the passive voice ("Experiments have been conducted ..."). APA Style encourages using the active voice ("We conducted an experiment ..."). Clarity and conciseness in writing are important when conveying research in APA Style.
Your essay should be typed, double-spaced on standard-sized paper (8.5 X 11 inches) with margins of 1 inch on all sides. The active voice is particularly important in experimental reports, where the subject performing the action should be clearly identified (e.g. You don't want to misrepresent the details of a study or confuse your readers with wordiness or unnecessarily complex sentences.
Your university may prefer the use of a different referencing system, check with your lecturer or in any study skills information you have been provided with. You are likely to be awarded 0% for an assignment which has evidence of plagiarism and if you continue to plagiarise then you may be excluded from your course.
Most universities will want a signed declaration with submitted work to say that you have not plagiarised. When writing an essay, report, dissertation or other piece of academic work the key to referencing is organisation, keep notes of the books and journal articles you have read, the websites you have visited as part of your research process.
For some sources, especially websites, the name of the author may not be known.
In such cases either use the organisation name or the title of the document or webpage.
The reader would then be able to look up the video, skip to the cited section, and find the quoted material.
Any You Tube video cited in your work should also be added to the reference list at the end of your document. Although many universities use ‘Harvard referencing’, there’s not one universally accepted version of this system.