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Heavy flood damage was inflicted during the monsoon of 1955, 1971, 1973, 1977, 1978, 1980, 1984, 1988, 1989, 1998, 20.Highlights of the damage are given below: Flood-prone areas are shown in the map.
Sandeep Baruah, senior scientist at Vigyan Prasar, Department of Science and Technology , New Delhi, explains, “When mobile phone networks are overloaded or destroyed during calamities, licensed ham radio operators from affected areas can help one communicate with stranded people." Jayant Bhide, national coordinator for disaster communication, Amateur Radio Society of India, who is currently based in Gwalior, says, “We are coordinating with hams in Australia, Europe and Turkey to create a mode of communication and provide help to those stuck in different parts of Nepal, as the country is bereft of electricity and cellular networks following the earthquake." The Bangalore Amateur Radio Club is also doing its bit.
“Ham radio enthusiasts and volunteers in the city have been receiving calls from people, seeking information about those stranded in Nepal.
They are volunteering as a third-party to provide whatever possible help,” says Lion Ajoy, an amateur radio operator and former president of the radio club.
Essay topics in English can be difficult to come up with.
Although the level of awareness about ham radio as a means of communication is still low in India, it has the potential to be an immensely useful disaster management tool, especially in times of natural disasters such as earthquakes, floods, cyclones and even tsunami.
It involves technical creativity and experimentation with the wireless communication network.
Damage from floods More significant than the loss of life and damage to property is the sense of insecurity and fear in the minds of people living in the floodplains.
The after-effects of flood, such as the suffering of survivors, spread of disease, non-availability of essential commodities and medicines and loss of dwellings, make floods the most feared of the natural disasters faced by humankind.
Area prone to flood In 1980, Rashtriya Barh Ayog (National Commission on Floods) assessed the total area liable to flooding in the country as 40 million hectares (ha), which constitutes one-eighth of the country’s total geographical area.
The Working Group on Flood Control Programme set up by the Planning Commission for the Tenth Five Year Plan put this figure at 45.64 million ha. 32 million ha, could be provided with a reasonable degree of protection.