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It states that these thought processes are the ones that influence our understanding and interaction with the world around us.All three theories are a basis for teaching and learning as they all can be used to enable one to acquire new knowledge. Its aim is to understand behavior, predict behavior and control behavior.We witness this through Ivan Pavlov’s classical conditioning and B. In classical conditioning, Pavlov manipulated the dog to salivate to the sound of the bell and the site of the white lab coat. F Skinner explained behavior as dependent on rewards or punishment.
Every child learns differently and it is the teacher's responsibility to figure out how each individual child learns.
The five different approaches to learning are Behavioral, Social Cognitive, Information Processing, Constructivist, and Brain-based.
If we want to teach a nine-year-old to keep quiet in class, every time the desired behavior gets elicited we should reward with a token.
With time the nine-year-old learns to associate keeping quiet with tokens.
The behavioral approach emphasizes on experiences, especially reinforcement and punishment, as determinants of learning and behavior.
Classical conditioning is a type of learning in which an organism learns to connect or associate stimuli (Santrock 240).When a person responds to certain stimuli but not to others it is called discrimination.An example would be if I were to pay attention in Sociology and not in History.The best way to teach a four-year-old how to write letter “a” using behaviorist theory is to show him the motions followed when writing letter “a”. F Skinner’s operant theory, a perfect way to teach is to reinforce accomplishments with appropriate feedback (University of Wurzburg, 2007).By controlling punishments and rewarding, we can shape behavior.The first teaching method that can be employed from the behaviorist theory is to arrange the environment.This should be done in a way that will elicit the kind of response that we desire, like in the Pavlov experiment with the dog.Constructivists state that learning is an active conscious process that has an internal drive (Brunner, 2012).Cognitive theorists explain human behavior by bringing a clear understanding of the thought process.Extinction is the weakening of a response by removing a reinforcer.For example, if I were to stop asking questions in class because the teacher stopped calling on me.