The following are the powers of the Executive: veto power over all bills; appointment of judges and other officials; makes treaties; ensures all laws are carried out; commander in chief of the military; pardon power.
The checks can be found on the Checks and Balances Page.
Aristotle favored a mixed government composed of monarchy, aristocracy, and democracy, seeing none as ideal, but a mix of the three useful by combining the best aspects of each. The framers of the Constitution took all of these ideas and converted the theories into practical applications.
When discussing Separation of Power, is it helpful to contrast the American System to the governments of other nations.
Based on their experience, the framers shied away from giving any branch of the new government too much power.
The separation of powers provides a system of shared power known as Checks and Balances. The Legislative, composed of the House and Senate, is set up in Article 1.
The British Example The British Parliamentary system works like this: There are two houses of the legislature.
The upper house, the House of Lords, has traditionally consisted of the nobility of Britain: dukes, earls, viscounts, barons, and bishops.
The lower house, the House of Commons, consists of MPs (Members of Parliament) elected from one of 646 electoral districts. The Speaker of the House of Commons, elected by the House, acts as the referee in debate between the majority and the minority.
The MPs in the House of Commons sit for five years, or until the monarch (at the Prime Minister's behest) dissolves Parliament and calls for new elections. In Britain, the majority party in the House of Commons holds all of the power. The House of Lords holds little more than delaying powers.