Essay On Poverty In Pakistan 2013

Essay On Poverty In Pakistan 2013-83
Urban/rural differences remain pronounced, however, with 15% of the rural population living in poverty compared to only 7% of the urban population.

Urban/rural differences remain pronounced, however, with 15% of the rural population living in poverty compared to only 7% of the urban population.On the multidimensional poverty map created by uk (see Figure 3 below), most green areas (lower levels of poverty) are major towns and cities, while red regions (higher levels of poverty) correlate with mostly rural areas.

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Growth in the new millennium did not alter the pace of poverty reduction, demonstrating that the responsiveness (or elasticity) of poverty to growth has declined.

Going forward, even stronger growth, coupled with direct interventions, may be needed to achieve further falls in poverty.

Gender parity in education is slowly being achieved, though in Balochistan, parity in primary and secondary education fell between 2002 to 2012.

At the start of 2015, Pakistan is not on track to attain the Millennium Development Goal for gender parity in education.

Inequality in Pakistan is much higher in non-income terms.

Secondary education completion rates were 26.6% in 2011, up from 18.6% in 1999, but still very low compared to other developing countries with similar income per capita.Moreover, even if improvements in women’s access to education continue, barriers to employment are impeding efforts to lift women out of poverty with only 20% female labor force participation in 2010 compared to 50% for men.Aid Data provides geocoded data on aid projects in order to reveal which regions of a country are underserved, as well as aggregate information on the size of aid, foreign direct investment, and remittance inflows into a country.Provincial poverty data indicate that poverty rates have converged across the country.According to a World Bank report, in 1999, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa had a much higher poverty rate (41%) than other provinces in Pakistan.Despite these advances, the number of Pakistanis vulnerable to falling into poverty remains high and the recent series of natural disasters that have hit Pakistan will slow future progress.Pakistan lags behind other lower-middle income countries in non-income determinants of poverty, such as education and health.If income distribution were more equitable, the poor would gain more from the country’s economic growth, allowing them to consume more and build up enough savings to develop assets such as education and housing.Figure 2: Poverty headcount ratio and GDP per capita growth in Pakistan, 1987-2011Poverty has steadily declined even when income growth was volatile in the 1990s.However, the latest income poverty data has raised caution over the accuracy of the 2011 poverty estimates.Figure 1: Number of poor people in Pakistan, 1987 – 2011Income growth in Pakistan has been the main driver of poverty reduction, according to a World Bank report.


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