In planning an interview study as part of collecting qualitative data, the first consideration should be what type of interview to conduct. There are several different forms and they yield different kinds of data (see for example Helfferich, 2019). A dialogue produces other forms of data than a monologue. According to Helfferich (2019), a good interviewer needs the following skills: Technical competence, Interactive competence: attention and steering, competencies in communication theory and knowing how to deal with previous knowledge and personal bias.
In planning an interview study as part of collecting qualitative data, the first consideration should be what type of interview to conduct. There are several different forms and they yield different kinds of data (see for example Helfferich, 2019). A dialogue produces other forms of data than a monologue.Tags: Causes And Effects Of Teenage Depression EssayCollege Essay HelperKindergarten Writing Paper With Picture BoxPersuasive Essay About Endangered SpeciesUniversity History Essay QuestionsHow To Write A Application Letter PdfCreative Writing Courses NycAnimal Cruelty Research PaperHow To Write A Application Letter For High SchoolTopic For Research Paper For High School
You need to find the right moment to ask the next question, to find the right way and form in asking it and you need to keep the conversation going.
This entails dealing with silence, reading non-verbal signals and sending appropriate signals.
This violates the rules of everyday talk as the balance shifts.
You need to be an active listener, showing interest and encourage the interviewee to speak.
During the process of conducting the study, you need to be prepared for the effects that this may have on you.
You need to be prepared for having to revise your previous knowledge.When collecting qualitative interview data, the focus may be on listening to a long narrative or on working towards mutual understanding and everything in between. Examples of various interviews forms that can be arranged on a continuum of the above-mentioned dimensions are ethnographic interviews, narrative interviews, guided interviews, biographic interviews, problem-cantered interviews, episodic interviews, in-depth interviews, semi-structured open ended interviews, group interview or focus groups. You need to find participants, make arrangements for the interview, explain matters of confidentiality, prepare consent forms, make your interview participant feel comfortable, and find the right words to open the interview situation.Interactive competence refers to paying attention to your interview partner and steering the interview into the desired direction.You need to be self-reflexive all the time, controlling your reactions and showing the right level of empathy.This requires some practice, but we all need to start somewhere.It may also sound puzzling that it is impossible for someone to leave the house because the purse was lost. The interviewer continued to listen and let her tell her story. Within the communication literature, you will also find some advice on how to deal with difficult interview situations and participants.When collecting qualitative interview data, you need to train holding back or working with your own thoughts, feelings, convictions and expectations.