As a main component of biological compounds, carbon can be found in all living things, as well as many non-living things such as minerals, the atmosphere, the oceans and the interior of the earth.
Although carbon is an essential component for life, it is only due to a specific balance of atmospheric components and conditions that life, as we know it, is able to exist.
As water in its various forms (vapor, liquid and ice) interacts with its surroundings, it alters the temperature and pressure of the atmosphere, creating wind, rain and currents, and is responsible for changing the structure of earth and rock through occurs.
This results in the water being stored within the atmosphere in the form of clouds.
It is then used to transport these substances, as well as hormones, antibodies, oxygen and other substances around and out of the body.
It also aids in the enzymatic and chemical reactions required for metabolism, and it is used for temperature regulation.
In other words, the Earth only receives energy from the sun, which is given off as heat, whilst all other chemical elements remain within a .
The main chemical elements that are cycled are: carbon (C), hydrogen (H), nitrogen (N), oxygen (O), phosphorous (P) and sulfur (S).
These are the building blocks of life, and are used for essential processes, such as and the building of tissues.
These fundamental elements can be easily remembered with the acronym CHNOPS.