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First, there are the primary studies that researchers conduct and publish.Second are the reviews of those studies that summarize and offer new interpretations built from and often extending beyond the primary studies.Methodological Review A review does not always focus on what someone said [findings], but how they came about saying what they say [method of analysis].
Systematic Review This form consists of an overview of existing evidence pertinent to a clearly formulated research question, which uses pre-specified and standardized methods to identify and critically appraise relevant research, and to collect, report, and analyze data from the studies that are included in the review.
The goal is to deliberately document, critically evaluate, and .
This is the most common form of review in the social sciences.
Historical Review Few things rest in isolation from historical precedent.
Typically it focuses on a very specific empirical question, often posed in a cause-and-effect form, such as "To what extent does A contribute to B?
" This type of literature review is primarily applied to examining prior research studies in clinical medicine and allied health fields, but it is increasingly being used in the social sciences.Third, there are the perceptions, conclusions, opinion, and interpretations that are shared informally that become part of the lore of field.In composing a literature review, it is important to note that it is often this third layer of knowledge that is cited as "true" even though it often has only a loose relationship to the primary studies and secondary literature reviews.They have subject matter expertise and can help you find research materials, as well as show you relevant databases and resources, including Zotero We also recommend you look through other theses. To find the ILR theses housed in the Catherwood Library, browse or search the Cornell Theses and Dissertations by Academic Disciplines tool.A literature review surveys books, scholarly articles, and any other sources relevant to a particular issue, area of research, or theory, and by so doing, provides a description, summary, and critical evaluation of these works in relation to the research problem being investigated.those of theory, substantive fields, research approaches, and data collection and analysis techniques], how researchers draw upon a wide variety of knowledge ranging from the conceptual level to practical documents for use in fieldwork in the areas of ontological and epistemological consideration, quantitative and qualitative integration, sampling, interviewing, data collection, and data analysis.This approach helps highlight ethical issues which you should be aware of and consider as you go through your own study.A literature review is a body of text that aims to review the critical points of current knowledge on a particular topic.Most often associated with science-oriented literature, such as a thesis, the literature review usually proceeds a research proposal, methodology and results section.The body of literature includes all studies that address related or identical hypotheses or research problems.A well-done integrative review meets the same standards as primary research in regard to clarity, rigor, and replication.